As a citizen of this country, I am writing this article to share my views and opinions on the topic mentioned above.
In fact, one may ask what is human rights abuse? Human rights abuse is an infringement on the rights and freedoms of individuals. This means, preventing people from enjoying the rights or freedoms that the constitution has given to them as citizens.
Some examples of human right abuses are child abuse, child labour, the sex trade, child kidnapping, child trafficking, domestic slavery, violence against women and discrimination. I want to discuss five examples. The first one I want to express my views on is child abuse.
Child abuse is any cruel treatment of children such as beating, calling nasty names, insulting, cursing and so on. In other words, it is the bad treatment of a child by an adult, especially an adult in a position of trust or authority.
Second is child trafficking. This human abuse is a practice of taking children from their homes to work in jobs known as ‘kayayo’ and other laborious jobs elsewhere. Many young girls and boys are brought from Northern Ghana to the Southern part of Ghana to work as common carriers (kayayo).
Thirdly, I would like to discuss the sex trade. The sex trade forces or traps young girls into sexual activities for money. Mostly, the money goes to their madam, the person who employs them.
The fourth human rights abuse is child labour. This abuse is the act of employing children under 15 years of age in income generating activities e.g. children who sell ice water and items like rubber bags just to support themselves or their family instead of being in school.
Lastly, I want to speak about child kidnapping, this is the practice of kidnapping or taking children away from their parents without the consent of the parents.
There are people who suffer human rights abuses more often than other sectors of the Ghanaian population; they include those living in conflict areas and minority groups in towns and villages. Some of the reasons why such people are vulnerable to human rights abuses include low education, poverty, apathy and lack of political representation.
Human rights abuses can be prevented in a number of ways and include education, the role of the courts, the role of the Ghana National Commission on Children, the role of the National Commission on Civic Education (NCCE), the role of Department of Social Welfare, the role of the media and of women and the Juvenile Unit of Ghana Police Service (WAJU).
I would like to explain why the above could help to prevent human rights abuses. When people go to school they are educated on human rights abuse and can then help to prevent it happening.
The role of the court is to provide justice, sanctions and compensation for the abused person.
The role of the Ghana National Commission on children is to help to protect the rights of children.
The role of the Department of Social Welfare is to help in the community, especially to help women and children who cannot go to the law courts because of poverty.
My hope is that these acts mentioned will not be in use again and that no one will stop others from having their rights. I wish that people who practice human right abuses will endeavour to stop and I thank you for listening to what I have said. I want to see the abuse of people in our country Ghana decreasing.
A member of the PAAJAF Foundation