End Violence against Children! Based on Gbawe-Ghana
Non- violence itself is an act of Virtue!
The present majour crisis of violence against children takes place in many developing countries as more than one billion children are affected globally. In fact Ghana remains a majour source for many forms of child slavery and child abuse. Therefore it’s high time to end violence against children which affects them hazardously in many forms such as physical, mental and social development. On the other hand all the children have a right to be loved and cared while succeeding in their lives! Don’t they deserve a real childhood? Yes they do and it’s imperative to find a quick solution in order to prevent child labour, child trafficking and child marriage.
Although 275 million children world-wide are getting captured in domestic violence annually, at present, Ghana has implemented considerable laws to end violence against children where its implementation stage is at a weak stance. Gbawe is a town in the Greater Accra Region of southeastern Ghana near the capital Accra in Ghana; Gbawe where greater violence and abuse of children mainly sexual abuse is at its extreme levels where 90%. Child labour and child trafficking are also taken place at school level and domestic level rigorously.
Many researchers have found that, this violence is caused mainly due to sexual exploitation and child sex tourism industry in Ghana where poverty together with high unemployment rates have resulted in increased crimes especially girls being fallen in to prostitution.In fact the proportion of females captured in sexual harassment is higher than the males.Therefore proper implementation of laws to end violence against children together with re-integration of such criminals is vital as the child victims experience lasting mental, physical and emotional damage. These children will also suffer from anxiety, depression, and aggressive behavior including many health issues leading to academic and cognitive abilities as well. Also the children exposed to violence will create further violence in the society than those who are non- victims; they are more likely to engage in sexual activity and other risky behaviours such as drinking, suicide attempts and assaults.
When considering the causes behind:
Lack of economic development leading to unemployment, poor logistics & infrastructure and under developed human resources are obstacles in the society.
Around 246 million children making vulnerable to labouring In fact children have been misused leading to various inhuman treatments contributing 100 million children being uneducated as their rights are violated. Especially in rural areas such as in Gbawe, Ghana many children are been forced on slavery being exposed to cracking stones, digging for diamonds or laboring in the construction industry. Children are forced in fishing industry as their nimble fingers are supportive to release fish from the nets.Also as children represent cheap labour, they are getting captured to many forms of diseases such as bilharzias, gastrointestinal diseases, ear problems etc. due to diving in the sea. Higher proportion of children between the age group of 15-17 is affected by injuries due to hazardous form of child labour. In fact there is a positive correlation between child labour and child abuse.
In order to end violence against children, many international movements such as ILO / PEC officials are working hard to overcome this issue of child labour, it’s up to its Ghanaian policy makers to protect child rights without harnessing the future generation of the country. They should carryout educational campaigns against such acts. The budget provides some contributions towards this issue while signing of a child protection compact partnership with the USA there was no specific implementation of same therefore sufficient budgetary allocations to be made for such programs too.
Also the business community should focus on extreme poverty stricken areas such as Gbawe which is in the southern part of Ghana.
Child marriage also contributes in violence covering a majour portion which has become a vast evil practice in many rural areas such as Gbawe, Ghana. Though many international movements trying to end this practice which is still continuing, this affects especially the girl children while affecting their education which will in turn affect their economic status carrying forward them to disastrous situation; one out of every five girls forced for marriage before even 18 years of age which is 28% and about 6% before 15 years of age. On the other hand, 66% of children suffer from nutritional deficiencies such as anemia which in turn affect the wealth of the family also the wealth of the whole country.
Considering the driving factors leading to child marriages:
Increased rates of Teenage pregnancies, protecting virginity, fear of stigmatization and conforming traditional norms have also accounted.
As Ghana remains as a main victim throughout the whole world for violence against children, it is extremely vital that the country’s government to strengthen the legal framework and to get aligned with the stake holders and carryout media campaigns to end violence against children. Also the government should tap the global momentum to attract donors and partners for implementation of programs.
Finally Ghana government should take an aggressive movement to end violence against children while enforcing new laws where the implementation of such laws which has been in the weak side which has resulted bringing justice to the victims while allowing the criminals to escape. Not only that it is vital for all parties to collaborate, parents, government, traditional leaders and to attain desired results as one party cannot achieve same. Also to implement child sponsorship programs seeking assistance globally on main key areas covering medical checkups, nutritious food, health and hygiene, educational assistance and mentoring.
No nation cannot prosper without a bright younger generation. In fact children are the young leaves of the tree that depicts the society. Children are the young leaves of the tree that depicts the society. Once these leaves are snatched, it is tough for the tree to stand its ground again without resources and a good environment and care.