Many people do not understand what ‘human rights abuse’ is. Human rights abuse is the infringement on an individual’s rights and freedoms that the constitution grants to all citizens. There are many people in our country who have their rights abused. Many young girls and boys who are under 18 years of age instead of being in school work as maidservants or house helps in homes. Some children do this just to support themselves or their families. Children are taken from their parents to make them into ‘kayayo’ (market carriers) and to do other jobs elsewhere.
People suffering from human rights abuse include women, children, foreigners, those from conflicts areas, minority groups in towns and villages and those who are not educated. Some of the reasons why they suffer are:
Low Education: Most people are ignorant of their rights and do not know how to fight for them. This can be due to ignorance, illiteracy or low educational standards.
Poverty: Some people may be aware that their rights have been abused but because they are poor they are unable to get the services of a lawyer to fight for them.
Discrimination: People are discriminated based on their gender, race, colour, physical disability and religion and this discrimination causes human rights abuse.
Fear: Sometimes those who violate the rights of children threaten them, that if they report or expose them something bad will happen to them. As a result of this fear, many time children are not able to fight for their rights.
We can prevent human rights abuse by making formal education more accessible to citizens. This will help prevent human rights abuse because education provides the knowledge and skills to prevent slavery, child abuse and violence against women. Public education on rights, abuse, freedom and how these affect individuals must be intensified. This will help eliminate ignorance and illiteracy and help prevent abuses. People must be empowered to be economically strong. This will help reduce poverty and enable people to be able enough to hire the services of lawyers to fight for their rights.
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