In Ghana, the rate of child education is very low. About 80% of Ghanaian children are pushed into child labor. Child Education can be defined as training and teaching a child (i.e. between the ages of 3 years to 18 years) for him /her to gain the knowledge and skills to achieve their goals in life and also earn money. Every year, the rate of child education decreases in Ghana. This is due to problems pertaining to the child or the family. Some of these problems include:
- Peer pressure
- Inadequate school facilities
- Lack of government investment in schools
- Lack of advertisement of education
Poverty is one of the most common excuses parents give when asked why their children are at home. Because of poverty many parents push their children in child labor. In Ghana 50% of children are seen selling on the streets with girls accounting to 48%.
Most Ghanaian children are influenced by their friends. They take bad advice and learn all sorts of bad habits from their friends. Adolescents get pregnant and become school dropouts and premature parents. Some also engage in using drugs such as cocaine and marijuana. These situations are caused by peer group pressure.
Ghana is a developing country and lacks main infrastructure. Some villages in the country do not have the necessary school facilities such as a computer and science laboratory or library. Some children do not even have classrooms to stay in and they sit under trees to learn. This results in failure of many students because children do not practice after school learning. It also affects their vocabulary because students do not read storybooks or do research.
Most politicians do not invest much money in school development projects. All this results in inadequate school facilities.
In most villages, parents do not understand the importance of education and that is why there should be radio or television programmes focusing on education. It’s one of the reasons that about 93% villagers do not attend school.
There are many other problems faced by Ghanaians but these are the main problems that must be solved by the government, individuals, NGOs and all stakeholders. My suggestions, as a citizen of Ghana, to help increase the rate of child education are:
Parents should try as much as possible to send their child to school. The Government should try their best and invest more money in school development projects so that every school in Ghana can be improved. Television and radio stations should organize programmes focusing on child education and its importance. Parents should also try their best to find out the type of friends their children have. Also parents should teach their children about sex and how badly drugs can affect the human body.
I believe that if all these things are carried out by both government and individuals, the rate of child education will increase and I hope in the years to come Ghana will be a developed country.
Additionally, I would like to appeal to the general public to support PAAJAF. This organization is doing good things in our community and making a great difference in our lives.
Member of the PAAJAF FOUNDATION